According to Kurt Lewin there are three different leadership styles. They are Authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-fair.
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These leaders let you know what should be done, how it should be done, and when it should be done. There is a division between the leader with this leadership style and their followers. This is because the leader makes decisions with little or no input from their people.
It is easy for a leader to abuse their power in this kind of leadership model. If the leader does abuse their power they are seen as bossy and controlling. The best situations for this kind of leader are ones where the leader is the most knowledgeable of the group and where there is not much time to make decisions as a group.
It is also hard to move from an authoritarian to a democratic leadership but easy to move from a democratic to an authoritarian leadership.
These leaders allow input from others and participate in the group. People are less productive under this type of leadership but their products are of higher quality. Followers feel more engaged with this type of leadership and are more creative.
This is the most effective leadership style.
This type of leader leaves all the decisions to the group. Their followers are less productive because of this. More was demanded from the leader with this leadership style. There overall is a lack of motivation.
This type of style may work if individuals in the group have expertise in certain areas.
Lewin’s work in social psychology was groundbreaking for his day. He is considered one of the fathers of social psychology because of this and his work is still being used today. What is your leadership style? Let me know in the comments.